BLS Basic life support (Latest 2020 AHA)

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Pediatric BLS

Two rescuer Infant / Child BLS

When you have extra help available, you can switch to two rescuer CPR.
Read about two rescuer CPR in adults to make it easy for you by clicking here.
Follow the BLS algorithm as in single rescuer child BLS.
We’ll focus on changes in comparison to adult BLS.

Compressions : Breaths – ratio

In adults, children and infants, we give 30 compressions and 2 breaths in cycles when there is a single rescuer.
But as the pediatric cardiac arrests are related to hypoxia, providing more breaths during CPR makes sense. Keeping this in mind, we switch to 15 compressions and 2 breaths ratio in children and infants when we have two rescuers available to provide more breaths compared to adults.
You shall continue compressions + breaths for 2 minutes before holding compressions and checking Pulse.
You must stop CPR while checking for Pulse. After checking pulse, if CPR is needed (no pulse), switch your roles as in adult BLS and continue CPR. (The rescuer who gave compressions will move to head end to give breaths and the rescuer that gave breaths will move to the victim’s side to give compressions).
You can use AED as soon as it’s available. Click here to know how.
You have learnt about how to give compressions and breaths in earlier lessons.
For now, keep the ratio in mind (single rescuer vs two rescuer).

To recap, maintain 30:2 if there’s only 1 rescuer and 15:2 if there are 2 or more rescuers.

Pediatric BLS – More rescuers = more breaths.